Hypermetropia is a common condition where the eye is ‘too short’ and light focuses behind the retina. It can affect people in different ways; some people only have trouble focusing on nearby objects, while others may struggle to see clearly at any distance.
Children with minor hypermetropia often do not have obvious issues with their vision at first as their eyes are able to accommodate to see clearly, but if left untreated, it can lead to problems such as eyestrain, headaches or a squint.
Astigmatism is a common cause of blurry vision which can be easily corrected with glasses or contact lenses. It normally occurs alongside short-sightedness or long-sightedness and is often referred to as ‘rugby ball’ shaped eyes. It can cause: • blurred vision at all distances • headaches • eyestrain after concentrating for a long time – on a computer or reading, for example
Presbyopia is the gradual loss of your eyes’ ability to focus close up. A natural part of ageing, it usually becomes noticeable in your 40s and continues to worsen until around the mid 60s. You may notice:
• Blurred vision at a normal reading distance and you need to hold reading material at arm’s length • Difficulty reading in low light conditions • Headaches or fatigue from doing close work
Age-related macula degeneration (AMD) affects a tiny part of the retina at the back of your eye, called the macula. AMD causes changes to the macula, which leads to problems with your central vision such as blurriness and distorted vision. Regular eye examinations help us to monitor your condition and give assurance that you are being looked after.
A cataract is a clouding of part of your eye called the lens. Your vision becomes blurred because the cataract is like frosted glass, interfering with your sight.
The only treatment for cataracts is surgery and we will advise you if this is recommended. Cataract surgery is a common operation and has a high success rate.
Glaucoma is a common eye condition where the optic nerve, which connects the eye to the brain becomes damaged. It’s usually caused by fluid building up in the front part of the eye, which increases pressure inside the eye.
Glaucoma can lead to loss of vision if it’s not diagnosed and treated early. It can affect people of all ages but is most common in adults in their 70s and 80s.